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Types of cars: Sedan, SUV, Hatchback, MUV....

Types of cars: Sedan, SUV, Hatchback, MUV....

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Sedan is the term used in American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English. Saloon is the term used in British, Irish and Indian English. In order to understand sedan, let us divide the car into 3 compartments: first is the engine, second will be passenger cabin and third, luggage compartment. Saloons usually have longer wheelbase compared to other vehicle types, making each compartment spacious. The longer dimensions in sedans make manoeuvre difficult in urban city areas, hence compact sedans are gaining popularity. A saloon with two doors is known as coupe. Ex: Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe

Types of Sedans

Club Sedans: Sedans With Shorter Roof And Interior Space Having Two Or Four-Door Design Built On A Normal Chassis. Ex: Cadillac Limousine, 1938

Notchback Sedans: Engine And Luggage Compartments Are Generally Longer, The Passenger Compartment Is Distant From Luggage Compartment. Ex: Chevrolet Impala, 1962

Fastback Sedans: Two Compartment Sedan With Continuous Transition From Passenger Compartment To Luggage Compartment. Ex: 1941 Plymouth

Hardtop Sedans: The Modern Cars Are Constructed From Metal. A Hardtop Roof Can Be Either Fixed, Detachable Or Retractable Within The Vehicle Itself. Ex: AMC Ambassador, 1958

Hatchback Sedans: Same As Fastback Sedan, But Entire Back Of The Vehicle Lifts Up Instead Of Trunk Lid. Ex: Maruti Suzuki Swift

Chauffeured Sedans: These Are The Class Of Luxury Sedans, Which Has A Separation Between Driver And Passenger Compartment, Usually Used For Business For Meetings, Weddings And Sightseeing Transportation. Ex: The Lincoln Town Car

SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle) can accommodate over 5 to 7 people and are designed to ride over rough surfaces or off-road. The features like raised ground clearance and ruggedness and four-wheel drive strengthen an SUV. SUV resembles station wagon. Ex: Land Rover Discovery Sport

MUV (Multi Utility Vehicle) or MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), primarily designed to carry a number of passengers, can be distinguished by high roof vehicle with the flexible interior layout. MUV resembles the shape of a van, have a bigger chassis dimension. These cars accommodate many passengers as well as luggage. Ex: Datsun GO+

The hatchback is a car with a hatch-type rear door that opens upwards. This is the major difference between a sedan and hatchback. One can enter a car from hatchback door, unlike a sedan where the boot space is separated from passengers. Ex: Ford Focus, Volkswagen Golf, Chevrolet Chevette

Crossover is built on a unibody (body and frame are one piece) car platform considering the high variable features of a SUV with a hatchback. Ex: Volvo S60 Cross Country

Convertible is the car which features a retracting and storing roof. This means the roof can be folded down or removed either partially or whole. The convertible roof can be retractable hardtops (metal or plastic) or folding textile based fabric or even detachable hardtops (manually). Ex: Audi A3 Cabriolet

A pickup truck has an enclosed cab and open cargo. It is a light-duty truck with low sides and tailgate. Ex: Ford F-150, Toyota Tundra, Ford F-150 Raptor

Station wagon/estate is a car with the comparatively long body. These cars have large carrying space, reached through a rear door. The carrying space can be increased by folding the back seats. Ex: Volvo XC70, Mercedes Benz E Class, Fiat 500L

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